Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak.

The virus is now known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Coronavirus, What Is Coronavirus?

The new virus is a type of a coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that can cause a range of symptoms including a runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever. Some are mild, such as the common cold, while others are more likely to lead to pneumonia. They’re usually spread through direct contact with an infected person.

The coronavirus gets its name from the crown-like spikes on its surface, according to the world scientists (Corona is Latin for crown.) Including the newly identified form of the virus, there are a total of seven coronaviruses that can infect humans, the researchers say. Other well-known coronaviruses include SARS and MERS.

The new virus causes a disease called COVID-19, which stands for coronavirus disease 2019, the year it was discovered.

Coronavirus, What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus, key symptoms to watch for include fever, cough and shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. However, the illness can also cause body aches, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhea.

Up to 80 percent of those who become infected appear to have mild symptoms and may not even know they’re sick. But in severe cases, the illness can cause pneumonia, kidney failure and death, according to the World Health Organization –WHO

Coronavirus Causes

It’s unclear exactly how contagious the new coronavirus is. It appears to spread from person to person among those in close contact. It may be spread by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes.

It may also be spread if a person touches a surface with the virus on it and then touches his or her mouth, nose or eyes.

Coronavirus, Who Is Most At Risk?

By far, the elderly — especially people over age 80 with underlying medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes or lung diseases — are most vulnerable to complications of the coronavirus. Because of their body immunity.

Very few children have been diagnosed, and even in those cases, symptoms have been mostly mild.

Coronavirus, How Does Coronavirus Spread?

The coronavirus is spread through respiratory droplets when a sick person coughs or sneezes. People within 6 feet of an infected individual are most at risk for inhaling these droplets.

A person could also become infected through contact with the virus particles on a surface, though it’s unknown how long the new coronavirus can survive on surfaces outside of the body. Research has shown that other coronaviruses can survive on hard surfaces for hours to days. If an infected person sneezes or coughs onto a surface, such as a countertop or doorknob, and another person touches th surface and then rubs his or her eyes or nose, for example, the latter may get sick spreading to others.

Coronavirus, How Long Does It Take for Someone To Get Sick?

The new coronavirus’s incubation period — meaning the time it takes from a person being infected with the virus to when they start showing symptoms — appears to be anywhere from two to 14 days, though the average amount of time it takes a person to get sick is about five days, according to the World Health Organization. It’s unclear whether a person is contagious during the incubation period.

Coronavirus, How Can I Prevent Coronavirus?

One of the simplest prevention measures a person can take is proper hand-washing.

As per the recommendation by researchers washing hands with soap and water before eating, after using the bathroom, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, and before and after caring for a sick friend or a family member.

The most effective way to clean hands is to wet them with clean water, then apply soap and scrub for at least 20 seconds, before rinsing and drying with a clean towel.

Soap helps lift germs from the surface of the skin, but it’s the scrubbing that gets germs off hands. Hand sanitizer is a good alternative, but it must have at least 60 percent alcohol to be effective.

When to see a doctor

Contact your doctor or clinic right away if you have COVID-19 symptoms, you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19, or you live in or have traveled from an area with ongoing community spread of COVID-19 as determined by CDC and WHO. Call your doctor ahead to tell him or her about your symptoms and recent travels and possible exposure before you go to your appointment.

Anyone with respiratory symptoms who hasn’t been in an area with ongoing community spread can contact his or her doctor or clinic for further recommendations and guidance. Let your doctor know if you have other chronic medical conditions. As the pandemic progresses, it’s important to make sure health care is available for those in greatest need.

Coronavirus, What Else Can I Do Besides Washing Hands?

Perhaps the best way to prevent the spread of the coronavirus is to keep sick people separated from healthy people.

The concept, called social distancing is illustrated in the myriad measures businesses, sports organizations, school systems and others are taking to cut down on large gatherings. Many public events are canceled or postponed; students and employees are encouraged to do their work from home, through the internet.

Otherwise, infectious disease experts recommend staying six feet away from others.

Does a Face Mask Protect You From Coronavirus?

It’s not recommended that healthy people wear a face mask.

Rather, its recommended that patients with the coronavirus wear a face mask to protect others around them, or, if the patient cannot wear a face mask, others should if they are in the same room together.

Caregivers or people living in the same house as someone who is sick should also wear disposable face masks, along with gloves and disposable gowns, when coming into contact with the patient’s bodily fluids.

For health care workers in contact with coronavirus patients, its recommended to have a more specialized type of mask — one that is individually fitted to a person’s face to create a seal and that filters out 95 percent of particles that at least 0.3 microns in diameters.

What Household Items Do I Need in Case of Quarantine?

Pantry staples are key, such as canned beans and other vegetables, tuna, fruit, pasta and soup, as well as dried fruit, nuts and seeds. High-fiber cereals, oatmeal, granola and protein bars are also good to have on hand.

Families with babies may need to stock up on infant formula.

Otherwise, experts say have a two-week supply of prescription medications, plus bandages, multivitamins and pain relievers.

Is There Coronavirus Vaccine?

There is currently no vaccine to prevent the coronavirus.

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases expects to begin clinical trials on a vaccine within weeks, though it will take a year to 18 months to prove the vaccine is safe and effective.

Is There Coronavirus Treatment?

There is currently no treatment for the coronavirus. Patients are helped by what’s called supportive care, for example, to help them breathe.

A few coronavirus patients are taking part in a clinical trial for a possible treatment with an antiviral drug called remdesivir. Originally developed for possible treatment for Ebola, the drug has previously shown promise in treating other coronaviruses, such as SARS.

Other clinical trials of remdesivir are ongoing in China to test its effects on both severe and mild cases of the disease, according to health ministry.

Do Disinfectants Kill Coronavirus?

Yes, they can. The doctors and researchers suggests that anyone exposed to an infected patient clean all high touch surfaces such as counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables.

Cleaning agents can include a household disinfectant with a label with that approved. A homemade version can be made, using one tablespoon of bleach to one quarter of water.

Experts say that when you spray sanitizer or use sanitizing wipes, it’s important to let the solution dry on the surface, rather than wiping it off.

Can Imported Goods Spread The disease?

It’s extremely unlikely. While more needs to be learned about how this particular virus works, coronaviruses typically don’t live very long on surfaces, and are very unlikely to survive over a period of days or weeks when an item is being shipped.

Coronavirus, Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of COVID-19 may appear two to 14 days after exposure:

Coronavirus signs in humans can include:

  1. Fever

  2. Cough

  3. Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

Other symptoms can include:

  1. Tiredness

  2. Aches

  3. Runny nose

  4. Sore throat

The severity of COVID-19 symptoms can range from very mild to severe. Some people have no symptoms. People who are older or have existing chronic medical conditions, such as heart or lung disease or diabetes, may be at higher risk of serious illness. This is similar to what is seen with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza.

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others.

Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

  1.  Wash your hands frequently

  2.  Maintain social distancing

  3.  Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

  4. Practice respiratory hygiene

  5.  If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

  6.  Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider.


All Kenyans should observe the following:

  1. Regularly and thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

  2. Maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (5 feet) between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

  3. Persons with a cough or sneezing should stay home or keep a social distance, but avoid mixing with others in a crowd.

  4. Maintain good respiratory hygiene by covering your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing with a handkerchief, tissue, or into flexed elbow.

  5. Stay at home if you feel unwell with symptoms like fever, cough and difficulty in breathing.

  6. Suspend all public gatherings, meetings, religious crusades games events etc. Normal church services can go on provided they provide sanitizing/and hand washing.

  7. Suspend all inter – school events, but keep schools open.

  8. Public transport providers are directed to provide hand sanitizers for their clients and regular cleaning of the vehicles.

  9. Temporary suspension of prison visits for the next 30 days.

  10. Kenyans must not abuse social media platforms or indulge in spreading misinformation that can cause fear and panic.

  11. Travel restrictions outside the country unless absolutely necessary and no travel to disease epicenter countries.

  12. Dissemination of information on daily basis.


Bats Are Not to Blame For Coronavirus. Humans Are. Why?

Bats Are Considered the Main Source For The Coronavirus – COVID-19


Bats. Reclusive, nocturnal, numerous bats are a possible source of the coronavirus. Yet some scientists concur they are not to blame for the transfer of the disease that’s changing daily life — humans are.

Zoologists and disease experts have stated it clearly that changes to human behavior mainly the destruction of natural habitats, coupled with the huge number of fast moving people now on earth has enabled the diseases that were once locked away in nature to cross into people fast.

Scientists are still unsure where the virus originated, and will only be able to prove its source if they isolate a live virus in a suspected species which is a hard task.

But viruses that are extremely similar to the one that causes Covid-19 have been seen in Chinese horseshoe bats. That has led to urgent questions as to how the disease moved from bat communities often untouched by humans to spread across earth. The answers suggest the need for a complete rethink of how we treat the planet. HOW TO GET BATS CONTROL SERVICES NOW?

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